Health Information Technician and Medical Records Programs

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WHAT ARE HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIANS OR MEDICAL RECORDS TECHS?

Are you wondering what you would do as a Health Information Technician or Medical Records Tech? As a Health Information Technician(HIT) or Medical Records Tech, you are essentially a professional who works with healthcare data. As an HIT, you would play a key role in healthcare organizations.

So, what exactly would your work entail? Well, you would have a few different roles.

First of all, as an HIT, your main job is to document patients’ information. As such, you would document each person’s medical history. Then, you would track symptoms and test results. You would organize and manage this data on paper. Then, you would enter it into electronic filing systems. Your goal is to make sure the data you gather is accurate. You also must keep the data secure. Additionally, you would need to be able to find and use the data easily. This is so you can access it for billing and other purposes.

Sometimes, as an HIT, you would specialize in a particular role. For instance, you could focus on medical coding. As such, you would review patient data. Then, you would code it for health insurance reimbursement. In this role, you are often a key link between healthcare providers and billing offices.

In summary, as an HIT, you don’t treat patients. But, you do make sure doctors and nurses have the correct information at their fingertips. You are a key player in providing the best possible medical care. You are important!

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HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIANS: A RANGE OF POSSIBILITIES

HIT Responsibilities

Where HITs Work

Types of HITs

  • You will review patient data for accuracy.
  • Organizing and managing databases is  part of your work.
  • You must track patient outcomes to assess quality.
  • You will use classification software to assign codes to data.
  • Recording data in an electronic form is common in your role.
  • You will keep patient records confidential.
As an HIT, where would you most likely be employed? Well, you would often work in hospitals. You could also work in physicians’ offices. Additionally, you could work at nursing care facilities. Or, you could work at other medical centers.Medical Coders  As a medical coder, you would review patient data. Then, you would code it. This is necessary for you to fulfill billing purposes for your company. It is also for you to use for insurance needs.

Cancer Registrars  In this role, you would work with cancer patients’ information. Your role would be technical. As such, you may code data related to cancer cases. You would compile the data, then, you would analyze it.

WHAT DEGREE DO YOU NEED TO BE AN HIT?

Are you wondering what degree you need to be an HIT? We will go over that for you. Usually, as an HIT, you would need a postsecondary certificate.  Or, you could have an associate’s degree. Both programs help you learn the ropes of healthcare data. You will learn how it’s used. You can rest assured that either program could prepare you to pursue certification, like RHIT.

HIT ASSOCIATE’S DEGREE PROGRAMS

What could you expect out of an A.S. degree program? Well, an A.S. program would give you an overview of the field and an introduction to the HIT career path. The program would teach you some key skills. For example, you could study topics such as health information management. Or, you could study medical coding. Also, you will learn healthcare terms. You will study practices, and ethical concerns. Most programs will have you touch upon the biological sciences as part of your course work.

Do you want a broader approach? You would have the chance to expand your education more generally, as well. As such, you may take general education courses like Psychology or Communications.  In these courses, you could learn the soft skills you need for your career. For example, did you know that developing your interpersonal skills is important for you as an HIT? You would be surprised at the diverse range of skills you need for the field.

You can look for A.S. degree programs like:

  • Associate in Applied Science (A.A.S.) in Health Information Technology
  • HIT A.S. Degree
  • Associate of Science (A.S.) in Medical Billing & Coding

MEDICAL RECORDS AND HIT COURSES

Some common courses include:

Medical Terminology: In this course, you will learn to identify medical terms, define the body structure and its systems, cavities, planes, and positions, and understand the importance of medical terminology in the healthcare profession.

Anatomy and Physiology: Learn about the cells, chemistry, and tissues of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, and endocrine systems.

Communication: In this course you may study behaviors that convey a caring attitude. You could cover how organizations can create a patient centric environment and foster supportive, therapeutic, and caring language.

Classification and Coding Systems: These coding courses introduce the classification system used by health care facilities, physicians and insurance companies.

Healthcare Reimbursement: In this course you may cover health insurance products and managed care approaches to the financing and delivery of healthcare services.

Healthcare Statistics: In this course, you could explore the statistical methods used in health professions. You may review parametric and nonparametric techniques and explore the purpose, assumptions, selection, and interpretation of statistics.

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE YOU TO BECOME A HEALTH INFORMATION TECH?

Are you interested in earning an A.S. degree in health information technology? Doing so will usually take you about two years. That is, if you are a full time student. These programs, you will find, tend to range from 61 to 74 credits.

What if you don’t have as much time? Well, a certificate in medical coding may be less demanding for you. It may call for you to meet anywhere from 19 to 34 credits. So, you might be able to earn a certificate in less time than an associate’s degree.

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HIT DEGREE PROGRAM EXAMPLES

School# of Credits RequiredStart DatesMinimum Months to Complete
Trident University36Multiple12
Ultimate Medical Academy63.5Multiple70 to 75 weeks

HOW MUCH DOES IT COST YOU TO BECOME AN HIT?

Are you wondering about cost for you to pursue this path? Well, your biggest cost will likely be your education program. In 2016, you will find, students in this field paid median in state public tuition of $3,172. For out of state private colleges, you could expect to pay around $22,253.

Below, you can compare tuition from a few other schools:

School# of Credits RequiredCost Per CreditTotal Tuition Cost
Ultimate Medical Academy63$430$27,090
Trident University36$1,158 (per course)$13,900

TOP ONLINE MEDICAL RECORDS AND HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIAN DEGREE PROGRAMS

Last check, you will find 468 schools offered HIT programs. From those schools, you will see, 10,879 degrees were awarded to students. The majority of them (97.9%), you will find, are Associate’s degrees.

School2017 Degrees awarded2019/20 Tuition (out of state unless *)
University of Phoenix  Arizona1,350$9,608*
Devry University Illionis655$17,316*
Miller Motte College Wilmington232$11,105*
St. Petersburg College188$11,607
Kaplan University Davenport Campus186N/A
Rasmussen College Flordia137$10,935
Central Oregon Community College118$9,855
Rasmussen College Minnesota116$10,935*
Cuyahoga Community College District111$7,648
Miami Dade College107$9,661

*Estimated for full time, beginning undergrad students

HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATE PROGRAMS

In a certificate program, you may find some of the same courses you would find in an associate’s degree program. You will find medical terminology and human anatomy, for example. You could also find courses on coding systems. One thing you should note, however, is that certificate programs do not result in you earning your degree. They will require fewer credits from you. You will also find they tend to omit general education courses.

In some certificate programs, you will focus on a specific area of the field. For instance, in Coding Specialist Certificate programs, you will cover clinical coding systems. You will study the role of coding in billing for health services. And, you will learn how to code medical records. This is so you can work for health organizations like hospitals.

CAREERS IN THE MEDICAL RECORDS AND HEALTH INFO TECHNICIAN FIELD

How many HITs can you find in the workplace? As of 2016, you can find 3.98 million health information technology grads in the workforce. Employment in this field, you will find, is growing. Between 2016 and 2026, you can see that health information technician jobs are predicted to grow 13%. You will find that is faster than average for all careers.

So, how do you fit into the health information technician profile? Well, you will see that almost all degree holders in this field (91.7%) were female. And, you will find the average age of a graduate in the workforce was 43.2 years old.

TOP SALARIES BY STATE FOR MEDICAL RECORDS TECHS AND HITs

StateEmploymentAnnual Mean Wage
CA21,900$50,260
TX17,620$41,510
FL12,460$40,980
NY9,590$46,200
OH9,200$40,430

MEDICAL RECORDS AND HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICAL CAREER PATHS

MEDICAL RECORDS AND HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIANS

As an HIT, you would document patients’ health information. As such, you would work with information like medical history. You would also address symptoms and examinations. Additionally, you will look at test results and treatments.

You could work with a lot of different information. For example, you may work with data on healthcare services provided to patients. Your duties would vary by employer. Your work would also depend on the the size of the facility in which you work.

Median Salary: $39,180 per year

Job Growth Through 2028: 13% (Faster than avg.)

Typical Entry Level Education: Post secondary non degree award

PHARMACY TECHNICIANS

As a pharmacy technician, you would play an assistant role to a licensed pharmacist. In this case, you are charged with taking information from customers. You could also speak with with health professionals. You will likely be filling prescriptions. Additionally, you could use the information you obtain for measuring medications. Or, it you could be asked to organize inventories, among other things. Your work is constantly monitored. You will be overseen by a learned professional.

Median Salary: $31,750 per year
Job Growth Through 2028: 12%  (Faster than avg.)
Typical Entry Level Education: H.S. Diploma or equivalent. Post high school programs available.

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SERVICES MANAGERS

As a medical and health services manager, you would play an administrative role. Your role would mostly be in cataloging health information. In this case, you would work to improve the efficiency in administering health treatments. And, your focus would be on monitoring quality. You would also manage the finances of the health care institution. In this role, you must stay ahead of changing health care legislation. This is so you can ensure the organization is using the appropriate technological tools.

Median Salary: $98,350 per year

Job Growth Through 2028: 20%  (Much faster than avg.)

Typical Entry Level Education: B.A. or B.S. Degree

© Education Connection 2019. All Rights Reserved.

EducationDynamics maintains business relationships with the schools it features.

Sources for school statistics is the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics.

This is an offer for educational opportunities that may lead to employment and not an offer for nor a guarantee of employment. Students should consult with a representative from the school they select to learn more about career opportunities in that field. Program outcomes vary according to each institution’s specific program curriculum.