Health Information Technician and Medical Records Programs

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What are Health Information Technicians or Medical Records Techs?

Health Information Technicians and Medical Records Techs are professionals who work with healthcare data. They are often known as HIT, short for health information technicians. And, they play a key role in healthcare organizations.

So, what exactly do they do?

First of all, health info techs document patients’ information. That includes each person’s medical history, symptoms, and test results. Technicians then organize and manage this data in paper and electronic filing systems. The goal is to make sure all data is accurate and secure. Additionally, technicians need to be able to find and use data for billing and other purposes.

Additionally some health information techs specialize in a particular role. For instance, medical coders review and code patient data for health insurance reimbursement. They are often a key link between healthcare providers and billing offices.

In summary, health information techs don’t treat patients. But, they make sure doctors and nurses have the correct information at their fingertips. This is key to providing the best possible medical care!

Online medical records and health information technicians

Health Information Technician Responsibilities

  • Review patient data for accuracy
  • Organize and manage databases
  • Track patient outcomes to assess quality
  • Use classification software to assign codes to data
  • Record data in an electronic form
  • Keep patient records confidential

Where Health Information Technicians Work

Health information technicians often work in hospitals. They may also work in physicians’ offices, nursing care facilities, and other places.

TYPES OF HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIANS

Medical Coders – These technicians review and code patient data. This is necessary for billing and insurance purposes.

Cancer Registrars – These technicians work with cancer patients’ information. They may code, compile, and analyze data related to cancer cases.

WHAT DEGREE DO YOU NEED TO BE A HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIAN?

Most health info technicians earn a postsecondary certificate or associate’s degree. Both kinds of programs help you learn the ropes of healthcare data and how it’s used. And either kind of program could prepare you to pursue certification, like RHIT.

HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIAN ASSOCIATE’S DEGREE PROGRAMS

Associate’s degree programs give an overview of the field, including key skills. You’ll study topics like health information management and medical coding. You’ll get familiar with healthcare terms, practices, and ethical concerns. And, most programs touch on the biological sciences.

You may also take general education courses like Psychology or Communications.  These courses could help you learn soft skills you may need for your career. For example, good interpersonal skills are important for health information technicians.

Look for associate’s degree programs like:

  • Associate in Applied Science (AAS) in Health Information Technology
  • Health Information Technician (HIT) Associate’s Degree
  • Associate of Science (AS) in Medical Billing & Coding

While programs vary, most offer courses like:

  • Medical terminology
  • Anatomy and physiology
  • Communication
  • Classification and coding systems
  • Healthcare reimbursement
  • Healthcare statistics
  • Computer systems

HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATE PROGRAMS

Certificate programs offer many of the same courses as associate’s degree programs. That includes medical terminology, human anatomy, and coding systems. But, certificate programs do not result in a degree. They call for fewer credits and tend to leave out the general education courses.

Some certificate programs focus on a specific area of the field. For instance, Coding Specialist Certificate programs cover clinical coding systems. You’ll study the role of coding when it comes to billing for health services. And, you’ll learn how to code medical records for health organizations like hospitals.

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO BECOME A HEALTH INFORMATION TECH?

Earning an associate’s degree in health information technology takes about two years. (That is, if you are a full-time student.) These programs tend to range from 61 to 74 credits.

A certificate in medical coding may call for anywhere from 19 to 34 credits, give or take a few. So, you might be able to earn a certificate in less time than an associate’s degree.

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Health Information / Medical Records Technician Programs that could be completed in less than 18 months

SCHOOL# OF CREDITS REQUIREDSTART DATESMINIMUM MONTHS TO COMPLETE
Trident University36Multiple12
Ultimate Medical Academy63.5Multiple70 to 75 weeks (about 17 months)

HOW MUCH IT COSTS TO BECOME A HEALTH INFORMATION TECH

Your biggest cost will likely be your education program. In 2016, students in this field paid median in-state public tuition of $3,172. For out-of-state private colleges, median tuition was $22,253.

Compare tuition from a few other schools:

SCHOOL# OF CREDITS REQUIREDCOST PER CREDITTOTAL TUITION
Ultimate Medical Academy63$430$27,090
Trident University36$1,158 (per course)$13,900

TOP ONLINE MEDICAL RECORDS AND HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIAN DEGREE PROGRAMS

Last check, 468 schools offered health information technology programs. From those schools there were 10,879 degrees awarded to students. The majority (97.9%) of these were Associate’s degrees.

SCHOOL2016 DEGREES AWARDED2017/18 TUITION (OUT OF STATE UNLESS**)
University of Phoenix-Arizona1,350$9,608**
Devry University-Illionis655$17,316**
Miller-Motte College-Wilmington232$11,105**
St. Petersburg College188$11,607
Kaplan University-Davenport Campus186N/A
Rasmussen College-Flordia137$10,935
Central Oregon Community College118$9,855
Rasmussen College-Minnesota116$10,935**
Cuyahoga Community College District111$7,648
Miami Dade College107$9,661

CAREERS IN THE MEDICAL RECORDS AND HEALTH INFO TECHNICIAN FIELD

As of 2016, there were 3.98 million health information technology grads in the workforce. And, employment in this field may be growing. Between 2016 and 2026, health information technician jobs are predicted to grow 13%. That’s faster than average for all careers.

So, what does the typical health information technician look like? Almost all degree-holders in this field (91.7%) were female. And, the average age of a graduate in the workforce was 43.2 years old.

TOP STATES FOR MEDICAL RECORDS AND HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIANS

STATEEMPLOYMENTANNUAL MEAN WAGE
California21,900$50,260
Texas17,620$41,510
Flordia12,460$40,980
New York9,590$46,200
Ohiio9,200$40,430

MEDICAL RECORDS AND HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICAL CAREER PATHS

MEDICAL RECORDS AND HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNICIANS (I)

Health information technicians document patients’ health information, including their medical history, symptoms, examination and test results, treatments, and other information about healthcare services that are provided to patients. Their duties vary by employer and by the size of the facility in which they work.

Average annual salary: $39,180 per year
Job growth: 13%  (Faster than average)
Entry-level education: Postsecondary nondegree award

PHARMACY TECHNICIANS (II)

Pharmacy technicians play an assisting role to a licensed pharmacist. They are charged with taking information from customers or health professionals to fill prescriptions, measuring medications, organizing inventories and many other things. Their work is constantly monitored by a learned professional.

Average annual salary: $31,750 per year
Job growth: 12%  (Faster than average)
Entry-level education: High School Diploma or equivalent

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SERVICES MANAGERS (III)

Medical and health services managers play an administrative role in cataloging health information. They work to improve efficiency and quality in administering health treatments and manage the finances of the health care institution. They also must stay ahead of any changing health care legislation and ensure the organization is using appropriate technological tools.

verage annual salary: $98,350 per year
Job growth: 20%  (Much faster than average)
Entry-level education: Bachelor’s Degree

(i) bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/medical-records-and-health-information-technicians.htm
(ii) bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/pharmacy-technicians.htm
(iii) bls.gov/ooh/management/medical-and-health-services-managers.htm

© Education Connection 2019. All Rights Reserved.

EducationDynamics maintains business relationships with the schools it features.

Sources for school statistics is the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics.

This is an offer for educational opportunities that may lead to employment and not an offer for nor a guarantee of employment. Students should consult with a representative from the school they select to learn more about career opportunities in that field. Program outcomes vary according to each institution’s specific program curriculum.